Would you believe that Skin is the largest organ in the body ?…..skin is a constantly changing, dynamic organ, there are three main skin layers – the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutis – each of which is made up of several sub-layers. The skin functions as the body’s first line of defence against bacteria and viruses, and is also a vital sensory organ, sensitive to the softest touch as well as pain.
Healthy skin also maintains the balance of fluids and helps to regular body temperature……..The skin is truly amazing.
Did you know that because the skin is the body’s largest organ, if you were to stretch out the skin of the average adult, it would cover 22 square feet (2 square metres)…. Epidermis is the thin cuticle protective outer layer of the skin.
The dermis the second layer of skin, plays a key role in protecting the body from external influences and irritants as well as feeding the outermost layers of skin from he innermost skin layer stores energy while padding and insulating the body.. The subcutis is the innermost skin layer stores energy while padding and insulating the body.. the skin is made up of pores.
What are Pores in the skin ?
A pore is an opening of the skin through which sweat and other materials can pass. A skin pore can become clogged when it fills up with sebaceous fluid or dead skin and is overcome by bacteria on the face and body.
People with oily skin are more likely to suffer from clogged pores than people with other types of skin. ..and People with dry skin are more likely to suffer clogged pores, because of the buildup of dead skin cells.
Pores may be more prominent on the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin which can be very bothersome and disfiguring. Pores are small openings in our skin which moisturize our dry skin, regulate the temperature and help our body to flush out the toxins. Although there is no permanent cure for large pores, there are several ways you can shrink pores on face or minimize their appearance.
People with naturally oily and thicker skin often tend to develop large pores than those with dry and thinner skin. Enlarged pore size are often associated with sebum output level, your age and gender.
Blackheads are often found on the nose, forehead and chin, blackheads are not necessarily a sign, you’re not washing your face properly. Hormones and using the wrong skin care products will also lead to these unwanted blemishes……….Blackheads usually form, when dirt and oil become trapped in pores and eliminating them helps reduce the formation of new blackheads, while gently scrubbing away the existing comedones. (Black or White coloured spots ).
Speak to your dermatologist about various prescription topical creams available to treat acne and blackheads.
These are some common skin problems-:
- Acne- is caused by blocked hair follicles and oil (sebaceous) glands of the skin, often triggered by hormonal changes.
- Atopic dermatitis (Eczema) can appear on the face (especially in infants), hands, feet or in the creases and folds of the skin.)
- Shingles virus (herpes zoster) results in a red, blistered rash caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox (the varicella -zoster virus, that are the familiar welts (raised, red, itchy areas) that can occur on the skin.
- Urticaria/ Hives are the familiar welts (raised, red, itchy areas) that can occur on the skin. Common causes of hives include medication, food, and bug bites or stings.
- Athletes Foot can lead to extreme itching, redness, and cracked skin on the feet and in between the toes, Its a type of fungi which is generally found in a warm moist environment like swimming pool, spa, sauna area’s.
Solutions for clogged pores..
Washing your face in the morning and before bed with a mild cleanser, formulated for your skin type, will help with clogged pores.
Try using exfoliants, facials and lightly abrasive chemicals, as they can prevent the build up of sebaceous fluid, which is the principal culprit in the formation of acne, whiteheads and blackheads.
Some facial masks, cleansers, toners, serums and lotions include pore-refining ingredients such as alpha and beta hydroxy acids and vitamin A, which exfoliate the skin and cleanse the pores of impurities.
Never squeeze or pop a blackhead to prevent damage, which can cause scarring or small holes on the skin.
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